Emeralds, sophisticated and delicate gems, are also the May birthstone. May is the last spring month in the Northern Hemisphere, when all the plants, trees and flowers are in full blossom and the green leaves can be seen in all the landscapes, which is why this month represents the perfect description for this fresh stone. The history of emeralds starts in the antiquity, when the gems were praised for their beauty and grace, and the first mines are said to have existed in Egypt, around 300 BC. While ages ago, the emerald jewellery were worn only in Greece and Rome, nowadays those who are interested in such products can buy them from international companies, such as Lawson Gems. Emerald became known to European inhabitants after the 1500s, when the Spanish invaded South America, a region that has already enjoyed the beauty of this stone for hundreds of years. Simultaneously, it seems that the Asians also discovered the gem, and the Mogul emperors of India considered sacred talismans through which the Gods offered them protection. The legend says that those who wear this stone will gain the ability of predicting the future and also have a better sight of the truth. In addition to this, the most superstitious ones consider that the gem is powerful enough to cure certain conditions and protect against evil.
Together with the aquamarine, the emerald belongs to the mineral family beryl, which is why it has a pretty similar colour (variations of deep green, turquoise or greenish tones of blue are all characteristic to the emerald). If you want to recognize ethical jewellery, then you should know that its clarity varies from opaque to very clear. In case a stone belonging to this family is too pale or clear to be classified as an emerald, it is simply called a ?green beryl?. While when it comes to diamonds, you need specialized tools using 10x magnification in order to evaluate their clarity, an emerald?s graduation can be noticed if you look closely. Another difference between a diamond and an emerald is that although both gems may contain some internal fractures (named inclusions), the latter?s value is not diminished by this, on the contrary ? the more inclusions, the better, because these give the stone a unique pattern which proves its authenticity. As same as human fingerprints, the internal pattern (called ?jardin? ? garden, in French) represents the unique mark of each gemstone. In spite of these, the inclusions are the ones that make emeralds less durable than sapphires or diamonds, for instance, which is why they are known rather as fragile gems.
In order to prologue the life of your emerald ethical gemstones, you should use some particular maintenance techniques. You can clean it with warm water and mild soap, and make sure you avoid chemicals, steam or high heat, since these will accentuate the internal fractures and damage the gem. If you take care of your jewellery in a proper way, it will maintain its shine and colour for a longer period.